Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-8)
1. SPAWN (verb)=आह्वान करना
Meaning : to be the cause of (a situation, action, or state of mind)
Synonym : invoke, instigate, contribute, catalyze, actuate, beget, blaze, fulfill, engender, inject, prompt.
Antonyms : crush, dampen, put down, quash, quell, repress, smother, squash, squelch, stifle, subdue, suppress, curb, restrain, retard.
2. UPKEEP (noun)=अनुरक्षण
Meaning : the act or activity of keeping something in an existing and usually satisfactory condition.
Synonyms : maintenance, repair, protection, servicing, care, preservation, conservation, running.
Antonyms : dereliction, disregard, ignoring, neglect, negligence, damage, demolition, destruction.
3. AMENITY (noun)=सुविधा
Meaning : a desirable or useful feature or facility of a building or place.
Synonyms : facility, service, convenience, resource, utility, appliance, aid, arrangement, equipment, frill, indulgence, luxury, superfluity.
Antonyms : basic, essential, fundamental, necessity, requirement, burden, millstone.
4. MOORING (noun)=स्थिरता
Meaning : a source of stability or security.
Synonyms : tying, securing, anchoring, case, encampment, embankment, bunk.
Antonym : takeoff
5. FLOUNDER (verb)=बुरा प्रबंध करना
Meaning : to proceed or act clumsily or ineffectually.
Synonyms : struggle, thrash, flail, twist and turn, pitch, splash, stagger, stumble, falter, lurch, fumble, grope, squirm, writhe.
Antonyms : drift, float, hover, poise, waft, breeze, coast, glide, slide, waltz, whisk.
6. STAVE OFF (phrasal verb) =बचाना
Meaning : to stop something bad from happening, or to keep an unwanted situation away, usually temporarily.
7. GRIME (noun)=सतह पर जमा हुआ
Meaning : dirt ingrained on the surface of something or embedded in a surface.
Synonyms : smut, soot, dust, mud, filth, mire, sludge, dross, gunge, crud, stain, muck.
Antonyms : cleanliness, fresh, sanitary, pure, neat, bright.
8. GNAW (verb)=कष्ट देना
Meaning : cause persistent distress or anxiety.
Synonyms : nag, torment, torture, trouble, haunt, oppress, burden, bother, fret, rankle with, fester.
Antonyms : mitigate, comfort, pacify, assist, ameliorate, conserve, revitalize, revive.
9. ENCROACHER (noun) =अनाहूत प्रवेष्टा
Meaning : someone who enters by force in order to conquer.
Synonyms : intruder, trespasser, invader, usurper, aggressor, offender, meddler, pillager, interrupter.
Antonyms : ignorer.
10. PARADIGM (noun)=रूप-निदर्शन
Meaning : a theory or a group of ideas about how something should be done, made, or thought about.
Synonyms : epitome, ideal, prototype, archetype, exemplar, ensample, standard, pattern, template.
Antonyms : follower, descendant, imperfect.