Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-6)
1. BEEF (noun) : उलाहना
Meaning : an expression of dissatisfaction, pain, or resentment.
Synonyms : bleat, carp, complaint, fuss, grievance, gripe, grouch, grumble, lament, moan, squawk, wail, whimper.
Antonyms : commendation, compliment, plaudit, acclaim, applause, praise, approval, endorsement.
2. INFAMY (noun) : बदनामी
Meaning : the state of being well known for some bad quality or deed.
Synonyms : notoriety, ill repute, ill fame, disgrace, discredit, shame, dishonor, ignominy, scandal, censure, blame, disapprobation, condemnation, contempt.
Antonyms : admiration, appreciation, estimation, regard, reverence, fame, glory, renown, repute, esteem, honor, respect.
3. NORM (noun) : आदर्श
Meaning : something that is usual, typical, or standard.
Synonyms : standard, usual, normal, typical, average, the rule, predictable, unexceptional.
Antonyms : abnormality, anomaly, deviation, exception, rarity.
4. ITERATION (noun) : पुनरावृत्ति
Meaning : the action or a process of repeating.
Synonyms : duplication, redo, reduplication, reiteration, renewal, repetition, replay, replication, reprise.
5. COMPREHENSIVE (adjective) : सविस्तार
Meaning : covering everything or all important points.
Synonyms : inclusive, complete, thorough, extensive, overarching, exhaustive, in-depth, far-reaching, radical, compendious, omnibus.
Antonyms : circumscribed, limited, narrow, restricted, specialized, exact, precise, incomplete, patchy.
6. MELTDOWN (noun) : मंदी
Meaning : a disastrous collapse or breakdown.
Synonyms : fiasco, catastrophe, debacle, fusion, tragedy, decay, adversity, exigency,
Antonyms : advantage, aid, benefit, blessing, boon, cause, delight, favor, fortune, gain, happiness, help, joy, luck, miracle.
7. CURB (verb) : वश में रखना
Meaning : restrain or keep in check.
Synonyms : repress, suppress, bridle, tame, subdue, stifle, muzzle, limit, retard, restrict, constrain, deter, impede, trammel.
Antonyms : liberate, loosen, unleash, express, vent, permit, liberate, assist, encourage, aid.
8. STUBBLE (noun) : खूंटी
Meaning : the cut stalks of cereal plants left sticking out of the ground after the grain is harvested.
Synonyms : straw, husk, debris, shuck, dregs, residue, orts, stalk.
9. APEX (noun) : सिरा
Meaning : the top or highest part of something, especially one forming a point.
Synonyms : acme, apogee, capstone, climax, crescendo, crest, culmination, peak, pinnacle, summit, top, zenith.
Antonyms : abyss, base, minimum, bottom, nadir, perigee, trough.
10. RHETORICAL (adjective) : शब्दाडंबरपूर्ण
Meaning : marked by the use of impressive-sounding but mostly meaningless words and phrases.
Synonyms : extravagant, grandiloquent, magniloquent, lofty, orotund, grandiose, pompous, pretentious, oratorical, declamatory, epideictic, fustian.
Antonyms : eloquent, well-spoken, direct, matter-of-fact, plain, plainspoken, simple, stark, straightforward, unadorned, unaffected, unpretentious.