Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-4)
Submitted by Staff on Tue, 05/15/2018 - 16:53
1. SYBARITIC (adjective) विलास प्रिय
Synonyms : luxurious, extravagant, pampered, lavish, self-indulgent, sensual, voluptuous, hedonistic, epicurean, libertine, debauched, dissolute, decadent.
Antonyms : abstinent, ascetic, abstemious, sober, non-indulgent, disciplined, temperate, spartan.
Usage : Though most of her family thought she was overly sybaritic, the luxury-loving heiress saw nothing wrong with living the high life.
2. PICAYUNE (adjective) निकम्मा
Meaning : not broad or open in views or opinions
Synonyms : illiberal, insular, Lilliputian, narrow-minded, parochial, petty, sectarian, small-minded
Antonyms : broad-minded, catholic, cosmopolitan, liberal, open, open-minded, receptive, tolerant.
Usage : They argued over the most picayune details.
3. BOGGLE (verb) झिझकना
Meaning : to make or do (something) in a clumsy or unskillful way.
Synonyms : blow, bobble, botch, bumble, bungle, dub, flub, fluff, foozle, fumble, mangle, muck up, muff.
Antonyms : ameliorate, enhance, help, improve, rectify, refine, reform, remedy, recondition, renovate, repair, revamp.
Usage : She boggled her first effort to stick her dismount.
4. DULCIFY (verb) मधुर करना
Meaning : to make agreeable; mollify
Synonyms : appease, conciliate, pacify, placate, propitiate, allay, assuage, mitigate, relieve, alleviate.
Antonyms : rancid, sour, gruff, dour, grim, glum, agitate, incite, aggravate, acrid, acetify.
Usage : His harshest tones in this part came steeped and dulcified in good humor.
5. MAUL (verb) पीटना
Meaning : treat (something) savagely or roughly.
Synonyms : maltreat, manhandle, whip, grope, pummel, trounce, trample, bash, batter, brawl, maim.
Antonyms : caress, pet, coddle, mollycoddle, pamper, foster, nurture, aid, assist.
Usage : A bear killed one hiker and badly mauled the other.
6. INURE (verb) सहनशील बनाना
Meaning : accustom (someone) to something, especially something unpleasant.
Synonyms : harden, toughen, habituate, familiarize, acclimatize, adjust, adapt, desensitize, fortify, indurate.
Antonyms : emasculate, enervate, enfeeble, weaken, cripple, debilitate, hamstring, incapacitate, sensitize.
Usage : Soon, the girls became inure to the cruel treatment of their kidnapper and started to think of him as their savior.
7. SURMISE (verb) अनुमान करना
Meaning : suppose that something is true without having evidence to confirm it.
Synonyms : guess, conjecture, deduce, infer, conclude, theorize, speculate, glean, assume, presume, reckon.
Antonyms : document, establish, prove, substantiate, validate, ascertain, determine.
Usage : Without knowing the facts, the judge chose to surmise the defendant was guilty.
8. PENITENCE (noun) पछतावा
Meaning : the action of feeling or showing sorrow and regret for having done wrong.
Synonyms : contrition, guilt, regret, remorse, repentance, rue, self-reproach, shame, prick, qualm.
Antonyms : impenitence, remorselessness, brazenness, sauciness, exaltation, impudence, audacity, effrontery.
Usage : The reverse also holds, that failure to live morally betrays and invalidates religious devotion unless there is genuine penitence.
9. VOUCHSAFE (verb) साक्ष्य देना
Meaning : reveal or disclose (information).
Synonyms : disclose, reveal, divulge, impart, pass on, let out, let slip, give away, broadcast, air, circulate.
Antonyms : barred, prohibited, outlawed, proscribed, impermissible, interdicted, forbidden.
Usage : But he neither repudiated the misleading words nor vouchsafed any clear explanation of them.
10. TORPOR (noun) उदासीनता
Meaning : a state of physical or mental inactivity; lethargy.
Synonyms : torpidity, sluggishness, dullness, listlessness, languor, languidness, stagnation, laziness, idleness, indolence, sloth, weariness, lassitude, fatigue.
Antonyms : eagerness, enthusiasm, keenness, spiritedness, vigor, vim, vitality, vivacity.
Usage : During the winter, the bears fall into an intense torpor.