Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-2)
1. STRIDE (noun) छलाँग
Meaning : A long step or stage in making progress.
Synonyms : clump, tramp, stomp, stalk
Antonyms : amble, meander, ramble, stroll, wander
Usage : In two bounding strides the woman was in the street, kneeling over her friend.
2. VEXATIOUS (adjective) कष्टकर
Meaning : Causing or tending to cause annoyance, frustration, or worry.
Synonyms : annoying, vexing, irritating, irksome, displeasing, infuriating, maddening, exasperating
Antonyms : helpful, pleasing, soothing, aiding, assisting
Usage : This vexatious problem was resolved, incompletely, by civil war and secession.
3. STODGY (adjective) मैला-कुचैला
Meaning : Dull and uninspired; lacking originality or excitement
Synonyms : uninteresting, dreary, deadly, unimaginative, uninspired, unexciting, monotonous, humdrum
Antonyms : exciting, entertaining, digestible, creative, breathtaking, enthralling
Usage : Most of my students used informal, asymmetrical balance, as formal balance can seem stodgy and dull.
4. DODDER (verb) डगमगाना
Meaning : tremble or totter, typically because of old age.
Synonyms : totter, toddle, hobble, shuffle, shamble, falter, walk haltingly, walk with difficulty, stumble, stagger, sway, lurch.
Antonyms : steady, fix, hold, placate, stay, still, soothe, remain.
Usage : The old woman doddered from the bed to the table.
5. AGAPE (adjective) भौंचक्का
Meaning : (of a person’s mouth) wide open in surprise or wonder.
Synonyms : expectant, agog, anticipant, anticipatory, breathless, eager, enthusiastic, raring.
Antonyms : apathetic, indifferent, unconcerned, unimpressed, uninterested, unmoved.
Usage : When I first saw the sunset in the Grand Canyon, I could only stand staring with my mouth agape.
6. MOUNTEBANK (noun) कपटी
Meaning : a person who deceives others, especially in order to trick them out of their money; a charlatan.
Synonyms : fraud, hoaxer, humbug, impostor, phony, pretender, quack, ringer, misleader, trickster.
Antonyms : adept, authority, crackerjack, expert, maestro, virtuoso, honest.
Usage : As a mountebank, Krishna is always looking for a way to trick people out of their money.
7. CLOUT (noun) ताकत
Meaning : influence or power, especially in politics or business.
Synonyms : authority, credit, heft, influence, dominion, predominance, reign, sovereignty, supremacy.
Antonyms : helplessness, impotence, impotency, powerlessness, weakness, impuissance, frailty.
Usage : Looking to build a business, the entrepreneur was looking to establish clout in the community.
8. OBFUSCATE (verb) अस्पष्ट करना
Meaning : make obscure, unclear, or unintelligible.
Synonyms : becloud, befog, blur, cloud, confuse, fog, muddy, entangle, disrupt.
Antonyms : simplify, disentangle, unravel, unscramble, untangle, decipher, clarify, illuminate.
Usage : Surprisingly, the efforts of the translator only served to obfuscate an already confusing conversation.
9. PUTATIVE (adjective) कल्पित
Meaning : assumed to exist or to have existed
Synonyms : apparent, assumed, evident, ostensible, presumed, prima facie, reputed, seeming, supposed.
Antonyms : hidden, inapparent, implausible, impossible, improbable, inconceivable, unlikely
actual, authenticated, confirmed, corroborated.
Usage : The film’s putative conclusion led me to believe the hero would return in a sequel.
10. MISCONSTRUE (verb) अशुद्ध अर्थ लगाना
Meaning : interpret (a person’s words or actions) wrongly.
Synonyms : misapprehend, misunderstand, misinterpret, misperceive, misread, miss, mistake.
Antonyms : appreciate, apprehend, comprehend, conceive, fathom, get, grasp, penetrate, perceive, savvy, seize.
Usage : Jason had no idea that her intended compliment had been completely misconstrued by her aunt.