Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-19)

Important Vocabulary for Bank Examinations

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1. Spate: (noun) : अतिवृष्टि
Meaning : a large number of similar things coming in quick succession.
Synonyms : series, succession, cluster, string, outbreak, wave, flurry, rush, deluge

2. Swathes : (noun) : चौड़ी पट्टी

Meaning : a broad strip or area of something.
Synonyms : bandage, swaddle, bind, wrap, cover, clothe
Antonyms : uncover

3. Folly: (noun) : अज्ञानता

Meaning : lack of good sense; foolishness.
Synonyms : absurdity, craziness, idiocy, lunacy, inanity, fatuity, obliquity, 
Antonyms : carefulness, intelligence, sense, wisdom, knowledge, understanding

4. Embrace: (verb) : ग्रहण करना

Meaning : hold (someone) closely in one's arms, especially as a sign of affection/ accept (a belief, theory, or change) willingly and enthusiastically.
Synonyms : grasp, clasp, clinch, cling, cradle, cuddle, enfold, entwine, fold, fondle, grab
Antonyms : let go, loose, uncover, release, unfasten, exclude, unwrap

5. Modest: (adjective) : विनयपूर्ण

Meaning : unassuming in the estimation of one's abilities or achievements.
Synonyms : humble, moderate, prudent, bashful, blushing, chaste, demure, discreet, meek
Antonyms : brave, complex, complicated, intricate, arrogant, conceited, immodest

6. Simmer : (verb) : धीरे धीरे खौलना

Meaning : (of water or food that is being heated) stay just below boiling point while bubbling gently.
Synonyms : smolder, stew, ferment, churn, fret, seethe, fume, parboil, rage
Antonyms : soothe, freeze, cool

7. overt: (adjective) : खुल्लमखुल्ला

Meaning : done or shown openly; plainly apparent.
Synonyms : apparent, definite, undisguised, manifest, observable, patent
Antonyms : obscure, uncertain, unclear, concealed, hidden, private, secret

8. Brutal- (adjective)  : निर्दयी

Meaning : savagely violent/ unpleasant or harsh.
Synonyms : savage, cruel, vicious, barbarous, callous, ferocious, inhuman, severe, ruthless, gruff
Antonyms : calm, compassionate, courteous, gentle, mild, polite, tender, smooth, generous, tame, humane 

9. Cognitive : relating to cognition.

Cognition : (noun) : संज्ञानात्मक
Meaning : the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses.
Synonyms : emotional, intellectual, subjective, imaginary, cerebral, intellective, experimental
Antonyms : physical

10. Imitative : (adjective) : अनुकरणशील

Meaning : copying or following a model or example.
Synonyms : counterfeit, echoic, artful, derivative, deceptive, emulative, emulous, forged, mimetic
Antonyms : different, genuine, original