Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-188)
Example : In fact, there is also an attempt to create an eerie culture of compliance.
1. Eerie [eer-ee]
Adjective : uncanny, so as to inspire superstitious fear; weird.
Synonyms : awesome, bizarre, creepy, fantastic, frightening, ghostly, mysterious.
Antonyms : common, earthly, familiar, natural, normal.
Example : Those on the lower rungs of the society will follow the command of those at the top and ask no questions.
2. Rung [ruhng]
Noun : one of the crosspieces, usually rounded, forming the steps of a ladder; a rounded or shaped piece fixed horizontally, for strengthening purposes, as between the legs of a chair; a stage in a scale, level in a hierarchy, etc.; degree.
Synonyms : bar, board, crossbar, crosspiece, degree, grade, level.
Example : Draconian laws such as the Section 124-A only serve to give a legal veneer to the regime’s persecution of voices and movements against oppression by casting them as anti-national.
3. Veneer [vuh-neer]
Noun : a thin layer of wood or other material for facing or inlaying wood; any of the thin layers of wood glued together to form plywood; a superficially valuable or pleasing appearance.
Synonyms : coating, exterior, facade, gloss, layer, mask, semblance.
Antonym : reality.
Example : The need for scrapping the sedition law could never have been more urgent.
4. Scrap [skrap]
Verb : to make into scraps or scrap; break up; to discard as useless, worthless, or ineffective
Noun : a small piece or portion; fragment; bits or pieces of food, especially of leftover or discarded food; the remains of animal fat after the oil has been tried out.
Adjective : consisting of scraps or fragments; existing in the form of fragments or remnants of use only for reworking, as metal; discarded or left over.
Synonyms : chunk, fragment, grain, hunk, lump, morsel, shred, sliver, snippet, speck, atom.
Antonyms : lot, whole, agreement, harmony, load, peace.
5. Sedition [si-dish-uh n]
Noun : incitement of discontent or rebellion against a government; any action, especially in speech or writing, promoting such discontent or rebellion.
Synonyms : insubordination, insurrection, mutiny, treason, agitation, defiance, disobedience, dissent, insurgence.
Antonyms : obedience, calm, peace, submission.
Example : Dissent is the lifeblood of democracy.
6. Dissent [dih-sent]
Verb : to differ in sentiment or opinion, especially from the majority; withhold assent; disagree (often followed by from); to disagree with the methods, goals, etc., of a political party or government; take an opposing view; to disagree with or reject the doctrines or authority of an established church.
Noun: difference of sentiment or opinion; dissenting opinion.
Synonyms : discord, dissension, disunity, objection, opposition, protest, resistance, schism, strife, bone, clinker.
Antonyms : acceptance, agreement, approval, concurrence, harmony, peace, accord.
7. Lifeblood [lahyf-bluhd]
Noun : the blood, considered as essential to maintain; a life-giving, vital, or animating element.
Synonyms : aspect, basis, bottom line, character, core, crux, element, meaning, nature, principle, quality, reality, root.
Antonyms : abstract, exterior, exteriority, outside, top.
Example : But today when the stench of fascism looms large, exercising this constitutional right can get one branded as an anti-national, thrown behind bars or a lynch mob waiting outside to teach you a lesson.
8. Stench [stench]
Noun : an offensive smell or odor; stink; a foul quality.
Synonyms : smell, stink, fetor, funk, malodor, mephitis, noisomeness, redolence.
Antonyms : perfume, sweetness.
9. Fascism [fash-iz-uh m]
Noun : a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism; the philosophy, principles, or methods of fascism.
Synonyms : absolutism, authoritarianism, autocracy, bureaucracy, despotism, Nazism, racism, regimentation, totalitarianism.
Antonym : democracy.
10. Loom [loom]
Verb : to appear indistinctly; come into view in indistinct and enlarged form; to rise before the vision with an appearance of great or portentous size; to assume form as an impending event.
Noun : a looming appearance, as of something seen indistinctly at a distance or through a fog.
Synonyms : brew, come on, dominate, emerge, hover, mount, overshadow, portend, soar, stand out, threaten, approach, await.
Antonyms : decline, fall, leave, abandon, descend, drop, neglect.