Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-187)
Example : Such rhetoric is extremely irresponsible.
1. Rhetoric [ret-er-ik]
Noun : the undue use of exaggeration or display; bombast; the art or science of all specialized literary uses of language in prose or verse, including the figures of speech; the study of the effective use of language; the ability to use language effectively.
Synonyms : hyperbole, oratory, address, balderdash, bombast, composition, discourse.
Antonyms : quiet, conciseness.
Example : We hope (the) particular person in the Indian Army could learn from historical lessons and stop such clamoring for war.
2. Clamor [klam-er]
Noun : a loud uproar, as from a crowd of people; a vehement expression of desire or dissatisfaction; popular outcry; any loud and continued noise.
Verb : to make a clamor; raise an outcry.
Synonyms : agitation, brouhaha, buzz, ferment, hubbub, noise, outcry, ruckus, tumult, upheaval.
Antonyms : calm, order, peace, silence, agreement, harmony.
Example : It also alluded to India’s defeat in the 1962 war, as part of escalating “mind games.”
3. Allude [uh-lood]
Verb : to refer casually or indirectly; make an allusion; to contain a casual or indirect reference.
Synonyms : advert, imply, insinuate, intimate, point, refer, suggest.
Example : A tool to muzzle.
4. Muzzle [muhz-uh l]
Noun : the mouth, or end for discharge, of the barrel of a gun, pistol, etc; the projecting part of the head of an animal, including jaws, mouth, and nose; a device, usually an arrangement of straps or wires, placed over an animal's mouth to prevent the animal from biting, eating, etc.
Verb : to put a muzzle on (an animal or its mouth) so as to prevent biting, eating, etc; to restrain from speech, the expression of opinion, etc.
Synonyms : cage, cover, envelope, gag, guard, sheath.
Example : The sedition law was incorporated into the Indian Penal Code (IPC)
in 1870 as fears of a possible uprising plagued the colonial the colonial
5. Incorporated [in-kawr-puh-rey-tid]
Adjective : formed or constituted as a legal corporation; combined in one body; made part of.
Synonyms : integrated, assimilated, fused, joined.
6. Plague [pleyg]
Noun : an epidemic disease that causes high mortality; pestilence; an infectious, epidemic disease caused by a bacterium, Yersinia pestis, characterized by fever, chills, and prostration, transmitted to humans from rats by means of the bites of fleas.
Verb : to trouble, annoy, or torment in any manner; to annoy, bother, or pester; to smite with a plague, pestilence, death, etc.; scourge.
Synonyms : contagion, curse, epidemic, infection, infestation, influenza, invasion, outbreak, pandemic.
Antonyms : advantage, good fortune, good luck.
7. Colonial [kuh-loh-nee-uh l]
Adjective : of, concerning, or pertaining to a colony or colonies; of, concerning, or pertaining to colonialism; colonialistic.
Noun : an inhabitant of a colony; a house in or imitative of the Colonial style.
Synonyms : crude, dependent, dominion, emigrant, frontier, immigrant, pilgrim.
Antonyms : gentle, modern, sophisticated.
Example : The urge amongst our present-day rulers is akin to the urge of the colonial administrators — total domination over its citizens.
8. Akin [uh-kin]
Adjective : of kin; related by blood (usually used predicatively; allied by nature; having the same properties; having or showing an affinity; kindred.
Example : Pakistan denies consular access to Jadhav yet again, says equating him with other prisoners is ‘travesty of logic’.
9. Consul [kon-suh l]
Noun : an official appointed by the government of one country to look after its commercial interests and the welfare of its citizens in another country; either of the two chief magistrates of the ancient Roman republic.
Related forms : consular (adjective).
Synonyms : diplomatic, valid.
10. Travesty [trav-uh-stee]
Noun : a grotesque or debased likeness or imitation; a literary or artistic burlesque of a serious work or subject, characterised by grotesque or ludicrous incongruity of style, treatment, or subject matter.
Synonyms : burlesque, distortion, exaggeration, farce, mockery, perversion.
Antonyms : seriousness, solemnity.