Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-185)
Example : Calling the GST a simpler, modern and more transparent taxation system that will do away with 500 different taxes levied across the country’s 29 States and seven Union Territories, Mr. Modi said that it would end the spectre of tax terrorism and Inspector Raj that India’s businesses have had to endure for long.
1. Endure [en-doo r, -dyoo r]
Verb : to hold out against; sustain without impairment or yielding; undergo; to bear without resistance or with patience; tolerate; to admit of; allow; bear.
Synonyms : brave, encounter, experience, face, feel, go through, know, ride out, suffer.
Antonyms : disallow, halt, hide, refuse, reject, retreat, run away, stop, surrender.
Example : Stressing that GST would make it easier for global investors to bet on the Indian market, Mr. Modi sought to allay the anxiety in the business community about the preparedness for the transition to the new tax regime, and said that even though not everyone is familiar with technology, each family will have a Class X or XII student who can help carry out the GST compliance requirement of filing an online return each month.
2. Allay [uh-ley]
Verb : to put (fear, doubt, suspicion, anger, etc.) to rest; calm; quiet; to lessen or relieve; mitigate; alleviate.
Synonyms : alleviate, assuage, calm, ease, lessen, mitigate, mollify, pacify.
Antonyms : aggravate, agitate, incite, increase, intensify, irritate, upset, worry.
3. Regime [ruh-zheem, rey-, or, sometimes, -jeem]
Noun : a mode or system of rule or government:
a dictatorial regime; a ruling or prevailing system; a government in power.
Synonyms : administration, establishment, government, management, reign, rule, system, dynasty, incumbency.
4. Compliance [kuh m-plahy-uh ns]
Noun : the act of conforming, acquiescing, or yielding; a tendency to yield readily to others, especially in a weak and subservient way; conformity; accordance.
Synonyms : conformity, consent, acquiescence, amenability, assent, complaisance, concession, concurrence.
Antonyms : difference, disagreement, refusal, disobedience, rebellion, resistance, defiance, denial, dissension.
Example : Delhi breaks silence, says troops did not transgress territory.
5. Transgress [trans-gres, tranz-]
Verb : to violate a law, command, moral code, etc.; offend; sin.
Synonyms : infringe, trespass, violate, contravene, disobey, do wrong, err, exceed, offend, overstep.
Antonyms : behave, obey.
Example : “The Indian troops trespassed the recognised and delineated boundary... So the most pressing issue is the withdrawal of troops into the Indian territory,” Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Lu Kang said.
6. Delineate [dih-lin-ee-eyt]
Verb : to trace the outline of; sketch or trace in outline; represent pictorially; to portray in words; describe or outline with precision.
Synonyms : define, depict, lay out, limn, characterize, chart, detail, draft, draw.
Antonyms : confuse, distort.
Example : Does UP govt. give a fig for this tree? CM asks officials to prune gular trees.
7. Fig [fig]
Noun : any tree or shrub belonging to the genus Ficus, of the mulberry family, especially a small tree, F. carica, native to southwestern Asia, bearing a turbinate or pear-shaped fruit that is eaten fresh, preserved, or dried; the fruit of such a tree or shrub, or of any related species; any of various plants having a fruit somewhat resembling this.
Synonyms : aggregate fruit, mulberry, pineapple.
8. Prune [proon]
Noun : a variety of plum that dries without spoiling; such a plum when dried; any plum.
Synonyms : back, shave, shear, shorten, snip, clip, dock, eliminate, exclude.
Example : The third is that GST will hopefully remove the cascading of taxes which was endemic in the previous system.
9. Cascade [kas-keyd]
Noun : a waterfall descending over a steep, rocky surface; a series of shallow or steplike waterfalls, either natural or artificial; anything that resembles a waterfall, especially in seeming to flow or fall in abundance.
Synonyms : avalanche, deluge, outpouring, torrent, waterfall, cataract, chute, falls, flood, force, fountain.
10. Endemic [en-dem-ik]
Adjective : natural to or characteristic of a specific people or place; native; indigenous; belonging exclusively or confined to a particular place.
Noun : an endemic disease.
Synonyms : local, regional.