Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-184)

Important Vocabulary for Bank Examinations

Example : But a tax can also be debilitating.

1. Debilitate [dih-bil-i-teyt] 

Verb : to make weak or feeble; enfeeble.
Synonyms : attenuate, cripple, disable, eviscerate, blunt, devitalize, enervate, enfeeble, exhaust, extenuate, harm, hurt.
Antonyms : aid, assist, enable, help, strengthen, animate, assuage, cure.

Example : Dadabhai Naoroji’s Poverty and un-British rule in India was not merely an indictment of economic imperialism but also served to call the bluff on the claim that the British Empire was necessary to ensure fairness in the governance of an India misgoverned by its native rulers.

2. Indictment [in-dahyt-muh nt] 

Noun : an act of indicting; Law. a formal accusation initiating a criminal case, presented by a grand jury and usually required for felonies and other serious crimes; any charge, accusation, serious criticism, or cause for blame; the state of being indicted.
Synonyms : allegation, arraignment, bill, charge, citation, detention, impeachment.
Antonyms : praise, absolution, acquittal, exoneration.

Example : His suggestion was that British rule in India could hardly be deemed fair if it was associated with a drain of wealth engineered by the colonial state.

3. Deem [deem] 

Verb : to form or have an opinion; judge; think.
Synonyms : allow, assume, believe, expect, feel, presume, suppose, suspect, account, appraise, calculate, conceive, conjecture.
Antonyms : disbelieve, disregard, forget, ignore, misinterpret, mistrust.

Example : Only, unlike Naoroji’s salvo against the colonial state, today we would want to engage with ours in order to ensure that it is fit for a democracy.

4. Salvo [sal-voh] 

Noun : an excuse or quibbling evasion; something to save a person's reputation or soothe a person's feelings.
Synonyms : barrage, bombardment, volley, burst, cannonade, gunfire.

Example : It unambiguously refers to attempts to destabilise if not actually destroy India from the outside.

5. Unambiguous [uhn-am-big-yoo-uh s] 

Adjective : not ambiguous, or unclear; distinct; unequivocal.
Related forms : unambiguously, adverb.
Synonyms : actually, categorically, definitely, doubtless, exactly, positively, precisely, really, surely.
Antonyms : doubtfully, dubiously, questionably, uncertain, doubtful, incomplete, indefinite.

6. Destabilise [dee-stey-buh-lahyz] 

Verb : to make unstable; rid of stabilizing attributes.
Synonyms : diminish, lessen, thwart, undermine, damage, foil, minimize.
Antonyms : enlarge, extend, increase, strengthen, add, build up, reinforce.

Example : ‘26/11’ is only the most egregious instance of this.

7. Egregious [ih-gree-juh s, -jee-uh s] 

Adjective : extraordinary in some bad way; glaring; flagrant.
Synonyms : gross, outrageous, notorious, shocking.
Antonyms : tolerable, moderate, minor, unnoticeable.

Example : Then, armed thugs had gone about massacring innocent Indians in public spaces in Mumbai.

8. Thug [thuhg] 

Noun : a cruel or vicious ruffian, robber, or murderer; (sometimes initial capital letter) one of a former group of professional robbers and murderers in India who strangled their victims.
Synonyms : assassin, bandit, bully, criminal, gangster, goon, gunman, hooligan, mobster, murderer.
Antonyms : law, police.

9. Massacre [mas-uh-ker] 

Noun : the unnecessary, indiscriminate killing of a large number of human beings or animals, as in barbarous warfare or persecution or for revenge or plunder; a general slaughter, as of persons or animals; a crushing defeat, especially in sports.
Verb : to kill unnecessarily and indiscriminately, especially a large number of persons; to defeat decisively, especially in sports.
Synonyms : annihilate, butcher, decimate, exterminate, murder, slaughter.
Antonyms : bear, create, give birth, preserve, save.

Example : To characterise, as some do, the horror this had evoked across the country as some reactionary nationalism is to miss the threat such terror holds out to the ‘Idea of India’, at its core a vision of diverse people living in harmony.

10. Harmony [hahr-muh-nee] 

Noun : agreement; accord; harmonious relations; a consistent, orderly, or pleasing arrangement of parts; congruity.
Synonyms : conformity, consensus, consistency, cooperation, friendship, good will, kinship, peace, rapport, tranquility, unanimity, understanding.
Antonyms : disagreement, discord, dislike, hatred, incompatibility, cacophony, clash.