Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-180)

Important Vocabulary for Bank Examinations

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1.The measures to enhance resilience of its economy.
Resilience
Meaning : the capacity to recover quickly from difficulties; toughness; the ability of a substance or object to spring back into shape; elasticity.
Synonym : Flexibility, pliability, suppleness, plasticity, elasticity, springiness, spring, give
Antonym :  inelastic, inflexible, nonelastic, rigid, stiff

2.Brazen

Meaning : (adjective) bold and without shame; (verb)endure an embarrassing or difficult situation by behaving with apparent confidence and lack of shame.
Synonym : arch, audacious, bold, bold-faced, brash, brass bound, brassy, nervy, brazen-faced, 
Antonym :  demure, humble, modest; courteous, genteel, mannerly, polite, proper

3. Nagaland plunged into a political crisis

plunged :
Meaning : an act or instance of diving;(verb) jump or dive quickly and energetically; the act or process of going to a lower level or altitude 
Synonym : pitch, dive, down, drop, fall, nosedive, descent,  jab, stab, push, shove, force, sink
Antonym : jump, leap,  ascent, climb, rise, rising, soaring, upswing, upturn

4. Former Chief Minister T.R. Zeliang staking claim to form a new government by ousting the incumbent Shurhozelie Liezietsu.

Staking:
Meaning : a legal right to participation in the advantages, profits, and responsibility of something; the money or thing risked on the outcome of an uncertain event; support (a plant) with a stake or stakes; mark an area with stakes so as to claim ownership of it.
Synonym : prop up, tie up, tether, support, hold up, mark off, mark out, demarcate, claim, share, interest
Antonym :  disclaimer, quitclaim, release, waiver

5.Incumbent

Meaning : (adjective)necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility; (of an official or regime) currently holding office; (noun)the holder of an office or post
Synonym : binding, obligatory, mandatory, necessary, compulsory, required, requisite, essential, imperative,forced, involuntary, nonelective, obligatory, peremptory, 
Antonym : elective, optional, voluntary,inconsequential, 
insignificant, non-essential, unimportant

6.There is also a library with periodicals

periodicals
Meaning : appearing in parts or numbers that follow regularly; occurring or appearing at intervals; a magazine or newspaper published at regular intervals.
Synonym : journal, publication, magazine, newspaper, continual, on-and-off, periodic, intermittent, recurrent
Antonym : constant, continuous, incessant, unceasing

7.perfunctorily

Meaning : adjective (of an action) carried out without real interest, feeling, or effort;characterized by routine or superficiality; lacking in interest or enthusiasm
Synonym : cursory, desultory; quick, brief, hasty, hurried, rapid, passing, fleeting, summary; 
token, casual, superficial, uninterested,
Antonym : concerned, interested,  attentive, aware, conscientious, heedful, mindful

8. Many bus routes were inundated

inundated
Meaning : overwhelm (someone) with things or people to be dealt with; to cover with a flood
Synonym : overwhelm, overpower, overburden, overrun, overload, swamp, flood, deluge, overflow,
Antonym : drain, dehydrate, dry, parch

9. Globalized world, in the case of China it is a ploy to systematically develop hegemonyover the region and intervene in internal policies to its benefit.

ploy:
Meaning : a cunning plan or action designed to turn a situation to one's own advantage; a time or instance of carefree fun 
Synonym : artifice, device, dodge, fetch, flimflam, gambit, gimmick, jig, juggle, knack, play, 
Antonym :  averseness, aversion, disfavor, disinclination, dislike, disliking, dis-relish, distaste, detachment, impartiality,  artlessness, ineptitude, ineptness, maladroitness

10.hegemony:

Meaning : controlling power or influence over others; leadership or dominance, especially by one state or social group over others.
Synonym :  leadership, dominance, dominion, supremacy, ascendancy, predominance,
Antonym : helplessness, weakness; impotence, powerlessness

intervene :

Meaning : take part in something so as to prevent or alter a result or course of events; occur in the time between events; to act as a go-between for opposing sides 
Synonym : intercede, intermediate, interpose, mediate, involve oneself,  insinuate oneself
Antonym : stand by, avoid, eschew, shun; disregard, ignore, overlook