Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-174)

Important Vocabulary for Bank Examinations

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Example : The voices exhorting the central bank to reduce interest rates are only going to grow ahead of its next bimonthly policy review at the beginning of August.

1. Exhort [ig-zawrt] 

Verb : to urge, advise, or caution earnestly; admonish urgently; to give urgent advice, recommendations, or warnings.
Synonyms : admonish, advise, beseech, call upon, caution, encourage, enjoin, incite, persuade.
Antonyms : deter, discourage, dissuade, answer, leave alone.

Example : Record low retail inflation poses a monetary policy dilemma for the RBI.

2. Dilemma [dih-lem-uh] 

Noun : a situation requiring a choice between equally undesirable alternatives; any difficult or perplexing situation or problem.
Synonyms : difficulty, embarrassment, impasse, mess, plight, predicament, problem, puzzle, quandary, bind, box, corner, fix, hole, hooker.
Antonyms : good fortune, solution, advantage, benefit, boon, success.

Example : Stellar run-getter.

3. Stellar [stel-er] 

Adjective : of or relating to the stars; consisting of stars, as in brilliance, shape, etc; pertaining to a preeminent performer, athlete, etc.
Synonyms : astronomical, cosmic, galactic, astrological, heavenly.

Example : Ever since her international debut as a 16-year-old in a game against Ireland in 1999, she steadily grew in stature, batting with aplomb, scoring critical runs and shepherding her team.

4. Debut [dey-byoo, di-, dey-byoo, deb-yoo] 

Noun : a first public appearance on a stage, on television, etc; the first appearance of something, as a new product; (of a young woman) a formal introduction and entrance into society, as at an annual ball; the beginning of a profession, career, etc.
Verb : to make a debut, as in society or in a performing art; to appear for the first time, as on the market.
Synonyms : appearance, beginning, inauguration, introduction, launching, opener, presentation, admission, bow, entrance, entree, entrée, graduating.
Antonyms : conclusion, endending, finish, closing, finale.

5. Stature [stach-er] 

Noun : the height of a human or animal body; the height of any object; degree of development attained; level of achievement.
Synonyms : ability, cachet, caliber, capacity, competence, dignity, eminence, prestige, prominence, qualification, quality, size, standing, status, value.
Antonyms : impotence, inability, inadequacy, incompetence, lowliness, unimportance.

6. Aplomb [uh-plom, uh-pluhm] 

Noun : imperturbable self-possession, poise, or assurance; the perpendicular, or vertical, position.
Synonyms : equanimity, nonchalance, tact, balance, confidence, coolness, nerve, poise, self-possession, surety.
Antonyms : fear; gaucheness.

7. Shepherd [shep-erd] 

Noun : a person who herds, tends, and guards sheep; a person who protects, guides, or watches over a person or group of people.
Verb : to tend or guard as a shepherd; to watch over carefully.
Synonyms : attend, carry, conduct, convoy, escort, guide, oversee, protect, safeguard.
Antonyms : abandon, harm, hurt, ignore, injure, leave, lose, neglect.

Example : Today she is a colossus, and it is not surprising.

8. Colossus [kuh-los-uh s] 

Noun : (initial capital letter) the legendary bronze statue of Helios at Rhodes; any statue of gigantic size; anything colossal, gigantic, or very powerful.
Synonyms : behemoth, cyclops, Gargantua, giant, goliath, Hercules, leviathan, mammoth, Samson, titan.

Example : Consistency has been her second skin and confidence a steady ally.

9. To fit like a second skin

Phrase : akin, alike, allied, analogous, approximating, cognate, corresponding, equivalent, identical, parallel, relating, resembling, same, similar.
Synonyms : counterpart, equal, fellow, match, parallel, twin.
Antonyms : contrasted, different, dissimilar, divergent, diverse, opposite, unlike.

10. Ally [verb uh-lahy; noun al-ahy, uh-lahy] 

Verb : to unite formally, as by treaty, league, marriage, or the like (usually followed by with or to); to associate or connect by some mutual relationship, as resemblance or friendship; to enter into an alliance; join; unite.
Noun : a person, group, or nation that is associated with another or others for some common cause or purpose.
Synonyms : associate, colleague, friend, partner, accessory, accomplice, co-worker, coadjutor, collaborator.
Antonyms : antagonist, detractor, enemy, foe, opponent.