Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-173)

Important Vocabulary for Bank Examinations

Example : A mummy gets a new life, sans oxygen.

1. Sans [sanz; French sahn] 

Preposition : without.
Synonyms : bare, barren, lacking, vacant, bereft, deficient, denuded, destitute, free from.
Antonym : full, complete.

Example : The encasing ends a four-year struggle to save one of six mummies in the country.

2. Encase [en-keys] 

Verb : to enclose in or as in a case
Synonyms : attach, connect, cover, dress, handcuff, restrict, shackle, stick, strap, tether, tie up, unite, wrap, adhere, bandage, border.
Antonyms : disconnect, forget, lay bare, remove, separate.

Example : There will be no flexing of muscles; a solution will be reached through dialogue, says govt.

3. Flex [fleks] 

Verb : to bend, as a part of the body; to tighten (a muscle) by contraction; to bend.
Noun : the act of flexing.
Synonyms : lean, tighten, tilt, angle, contract, crook, curve, mold, ply, spring.
Antonyms : straighten, be stiff, extend.

Example : These issues arise at a time when economic conditions have toughened, factors Brexiteers say are unrelated to the exiting process, but which critics say were just some of the repercussions they had warned about all along.

4. Repercussion [ree-per-kuhsh-uh n, rep-er-] 

Noun : an effect or result, often indirect or remote, of some event or action; the state of being driven back by a resisting body; a rebounding or recoil of something after impact.
Synonyms : reaction, effect, fallout, impact, influence, reaction, reverberation, side effect.
Antonym : cause.

Example : The meeting came days after Congress vice-president, who met with the Chinese and Bhutanese envoys in Delhi had questioned PM Narendra Modi’s “silence” on the issue.

5. Envoy [en-voi, ahn-] 

Noun : a diplomatic agent; any accredited messenger or representative.
Synonyms : delegate, diplomat, emissary, minister, representative, agent, ambassador, bearer, carrier, consul, courier, intermediary, internuncio.
Antonym : receiver.

Example : RJD sources told The Hindu: “Laluji has nurtured this alliance; he had even campaigned strenuously for JD(U) candidates in 2015.”

6. Alliance [uh-lahy-uh ns] 

Noun : the act of allying or state of being allied; a formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperate for specific purposes; a merging of efforts or interests by persons, families, states, or organizations.
Synonyms : accord, affiliation, affinity, betrothal, bond, coalition, coherence, collaboration, collusion, combination, communion, compact.
Antonyms : antagonism, detachment, disagreement, disconnection, discord.

7. Strenuous [stren-yoo-uh s] 

Adjective : characterized by vigorous exertion, as action, efforts, life, etc.; demanding or requiring vigorous exertion; laborious; vigorous, energetic, or zealously active.
Synonyms : energetically, strongly, vigorously, zealously, industriously, laboriously.

Example : Ms. May had pegged the election around public support for her version of Brexit, which involved leaving the single market in order to satisfy public demand for border controls, as well as exiting the customs union in order for Britain to be able to negotiate tariff-free deals unrestrictedly with the rest of the world.

8. Peg [peg] 

Noun : a pin of wood or other material driven or fitted into something, as to fasten parts together, to hang things on, to make fast a rope or string on, to stop a hole, or to mark some point.
Verb : to drive or insert a peg into; to fasten with or as with pegs; to mark with pegs; to strike or pierce with or as with a peg; to keep (the commodity price, exchange rate, etc.) at a set level, as by manipulation or law.
Synonyms : fix, clinch, fasten, join, pin, secure, tighten.
Antonyms : detach, let go, loose, loosen, release, unfasten.

Example : Firstly, the practical issues around Brexit — and the interpretation of the “will of the people” vis-à-vis the referendum — seem to be burgeoning rapidly, highlighted by an ongoing controversy over Britain’s membership of the European nuclear industry regulator, Euratom.

9. Referendum [ref-uh-ren-duh m] 

Noun : the principle or practice of referring measures proposed or passed by a legislative body, head of state, etc., to the vote of the electorate for approval or rejection; a measure thus referred; a vote on such a measure.
Synonyms : election, poll, vote, mandate.

10. Burgeon [bur-juh n] 

Verb : to grow or develop quickly; flourish; to begin to grow, as a bud; put forth buds, shoots, etc., as a plant.
Synonyms : prosper, snowball, sprout, blossom, bud, expand, flower, grow, increase, mushroom, thrive.
Antonyms : decline, decrease, die, diminish, fade, lessen, lose, shrink, shrivel.