Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-171)

Important Vocabulary for Bank Examinations

Example : Telecom Secretary Aruna Sundararajan on Friday said that the Department of Telecom is looking into the issue of alleged breach of Reliance Jio’s customer data and would seek details from the company.

1. Alleged [uh-lejd, uh-lej-id] 

Adjective : declared or stated to be as described; asserted; doubtful; suspect; supposed.
Synonyms : purported, so-called, stated, supposed, averred, declared, described, pretended, professed, suspect.
Antonyms : certain, definite, sure.

2. Breach [breech] 

Noun : the act or a result of breaking; break or rupture; an infraction or violation, as of a law, trust, faith, or promise; a gap made in a wall, fortification, line of soldiers, etc.; rift; fissure.
Verb : to make a breach or opening in; to break or act contrary to (a law, promise, etc.).
Synonyms : crack, rift, rupture, aperture, break, chasm, chip, cleft, discontinuity.
Antonyms : agreement, closing, closure, juncture, misfortune, solid.

Example : “They (Reliance Jio) have not informed us,” Ms. Sundararajan said while replying to a query on the sidelines of an event.

3. Sideline [sahyd-lahyn] 

Noun : a line at the side of something; a business or activity pursued in addition to one's primary business; a second occupation; an additional or auxiliary line of goods.
Synonyms : distraction, diversion, hobby, moonlighting, recreation, subsidiary, leisure activity.
Antonyms : profession, vocation, work.

Example : Reliance Jio had claimed that data of its customers was safe. It had filed a complaint with the Mumbai police for a probe.

4. Probe [prohb] 

Verb : to search into or examine thoroughly; question closely; to examine or explore with a probe.
Noun : the act of probing; a slender surgical instrument for exploring the depth or direction of a wound, sinus, or the like; an investigation, especially by a legislative committee, of suspected illegal activity.
Synonyms : examination, exploration, inquest, inquiry, research, scrutiny, study, delving, detection.

Example : Share buybacks improve earnings per share and return surplus cash to shareholders while also supporting share price during periods of sluggish market conditions.

5. Surplus [sur-pluhs, -pluh s] 

Noun : something that remains above what is used or needed; an amount, quantity, etc., greater than needed; agricultural produce or a quantity of food grown by a nation or area in excess of its needs, especially such a quantity of food purchased and stored by a governmental program of guaranteeing farmers a specific price for certain crops.
Synonyms : excess, leftover, unused, over, spare, supernumerary, de trop, in excess, odd.
Antonyms : essential, lacking, necessary, needing, wanting.

6. Sluggish [sluhg-ish] 

Adjective : indisposed to action or exertion; lacking in energy; lazy; indolent; not acting or working with full vigor, as bodily organs; slow to act or respond.
Synonyms : heavy, inactive, lethargic, listless, slack, slow, stagnant, apathetic, blah, comatose.
Antonyms : active, alert, busy, energetic, lively.

Example : Wholesale price inflation slowed to a 11-month low of 0.9% in June due to subdued food inflation and weak manufacturing prices, according to data released by the Ministry of Commerce on Friday.

7. Subdued [suh b-dood, -dyood] 

Adjective : quiet; inhibited; repressed; controlled; lowered in intensity or strength; reduced in fullness of tone, as a color or voice; muted; (of land) not marked by any striking features, as mountains or cliffs.
Synonyms : hushed, low-key, mellow, muted, restrained, sober, solemn, unobtrusive, chastened, dejected.
Antonyms : cheerful, happy, aroused, boisterous, communicative.

Example : “We built the autonomous systems in the cart in order to teach our employees to build autonomous driving technology,” he said.

8. Autonomous [aw-ton-uh-muh s] 

Adjective : self-governing; independent; subject to its own laws only; pertaining to an autonomy, or a self-governing community; having autonomy; not subject to control from outside; independent; (of a vehicle) navigated and maneuvered by a computer without a need for human control or intervention under a range of driving situations and conditions.
Synonyms : self-governing, sovereign, free, self-determining, self-ruling, uncontrolled.
Antonyms : subservient, dependent, subject.

Example : He said that over the past two years the company had revamped the way it trained staff.

9. Revamp [verb ree-vamp; noun ree-vamp] 

Verb : to renovate, redo, or revise; an act or instance of restructuring, reordering, or revising something; overhaul.
Synonyms : clean, overhaul, refurbish, rehabilitate, remake, remodel, repair, restore, revitalize, revive, update.
Antonyms : break, damage, destroy, hurt, ruin.

Example : “We would definitely like to get back a few old guys. But it all depends on what the BCCI decides about the player retention policy,” he added.

10. Retention [ri-ten-shuh n] 

Noun : the act of retaining; the state of being retained; the power to retain; capacity for retaining; the act or power of remembering things; memory.
Synonyms : confinement, detainment, detention, holding, reservation, withholding.
Antonyms : freedom, liberation.