Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-15)
1. NOTCH (noun)=चिह्न
Meaning : a point or degree in a scale.
Synonyms : degree, step, level, rung, point, mark, measure, grade, gradation, stage.
Antonyms : bulge, convexity, projection, inflate, infuse, cram.
2. WANE (verb)=अधोगति
Meaning : decrease in vigour or extent; become weaker.
Synonyms : decline, diminish, dwindle, shrink, contract, subside, slacken, droop, ebb, peter out, attenuate, slump, flag, atrophy, deteriorate, crumble.
Antonyms : build, burgeon, enlarge, escalate, expand, grow, intensify, mount, rise, snowball, soar, swell, wax.
3. POISED (adjective)=संतुलित रखना
Meaning : having a composed and self-assured manner.
Synonyms : composed, calm, and collected, tranquil, serene, unperturbed, unruffled, impassive, dignified, imperturbable, suave, urbane, elegant, unfazed, unflappable.
Antonyms : fluctuation, inconstancy, insecurity, instability, mutability, precariousness, shakiness, unsteadiness, volatility, disequilibrium, imbalance.
4. APPREHENSION (noun) =कुछ गलत होने का भय
Meaning : anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen.
Synonyms : angst, alarm, worry, uneasiness, unease, nervousness, disquiet, agitation, restlessness, edginess, fidgetiness, trepidation, perturbation, consternation, foreboding, presentiment.
Antonyms : excitement, hope, hopefulness, calmness, contentment, easiness, peacefulness, placidity, quietude, sereneness, serenity, tranquility, comfort, consolation.
5. SPIKE (verb) =नुकीला करना
Meaning : impale on or pierce with a sharp point.
Synonyms : impale, spear, skewer; pierce, penetrate, perforate, stab, run through, stick, spit, transfix, transpierce
Antonyms : debilitate, do in, drain, enervate, enfeeble, exhaust, fatigue, harass, wash out, weaken, wear, wear out, curb, inhibit, repress.
6. STRAY (verb) =भटकना
Meaning : move away aimlessly from a group or from the right course or place.
Synonyms : drift, get separated, lose one's way, digress, deviate, wander, drift, get sidetracked, divagate.
Antonyms : fixed, regular, set, stable, steady, to manage, to be ordered, planned
deliberate, purposeful, thoughtful, organized.
7. BOURGEONING (adjective) =तेजी से बढ़ना
Meaning : growing, expanding, or developing rapidly.
Synonyms : accelerating, accumulating, enlarging, escalating, expanding, increasing, mounting, proliferating, rolling up.
Antonyms : contracting, decreasing, diminishing, dwindling, slumping, receding, waning.
8. DAUNTING (adjective) =कठिन
Meaning : seeming difficult to deal with in prospect; intimidating.
Synonyms : intimidating, formidable, disconcerting, dismaying; discouraging, dispiriting, demoralizing; forbidding, ominous, frightening, fearsome, mean-looking.
Antonyms : cheering, animating, enlivening, invigorating, enforcing, fortifying, strengthening, reassuring,
exciting, stimulate, stirring, encouraging.
9. EFFICACY (noun) =प्रभावकारिता
Meaning : the ability to produce a desired or intended result.
Synonyms : edge, effectiveness, effectualness, efficiency, productiveness, ability, capability, capacity, puissance.
Antonyms : inability, inadequacy, incompetency, ineffectiveness, ineffectuality, inefficiency.
10. IMPETUS (noun)=प्रवर्तक बल
Meaning : something that makes a process or activity happen or happen more quickly.
Synonyms : motivation, stimulus, incentive, inducement, inspiration, encouragement, boost, urging, pressing, goading, spurring, prodding.
Antonyms : deterrent, hindrance, disincentive, slothfulness, inactivity, block, brake, curb.