Important Vocabulary Notes for Competitive Examinations (Set-13)
1. PROMINENT (adjective)=मुख्य
Meaning : important; famous.
Synonyms : well known, leading, eminent, pre-eminent, distinguished, notable, noteworthy, noted, public, outstanding, illustrious, celebrated, famous, renowned, esteemed, respected, influential, prestigious.
Antonyms : insignificant, undistinguished, unimportant, unpretentious, restrained, subdued, toned-down, inconspicuous, unemphatic, unflamboyant, unnoticeable, unobtrusive, unremarkable.
2. CLOG (verb) =रोकना
Meaning : to (cause something to) become blocked or filled so that movement or activity is difficult.
Synonyms : cramp, embarrass, encumber, fetter, hamper, handcuff, hinder, hobble, hog-tie, impede, inhibit, manacle, obstruct, shackle, stymie, tie up, trammel.
Antonyms : make way, open, unclog, unplug, unstop, untie, loosen, smooth, encourage, further, promote, aid, assist, facilitate, help.
3. CHURN (verb)=मंथन करना
Meaning : move or cause to move about vigorously.
Synonyms : heave, swirl, toss, seethe, disturb, agitate, stir, whirl, whip, whisk, reel, shake.
Antonyms : abate, calm, subside, unchanging, motionless.
4. POISED (adjective)=संतुलित
Meaning : having a composed and self-assured manner.
Synonyms : self-possessed, self-assured, composed, assured, calm, cool, cool, calm, at ease, tranquil, serene, unperturbed, unruffled, dignified, suave, urbane, elegant, unfazed.
Antonyms : offset, changeability, fluctuation, inconstancy, insecurity, instability, mutability, precariousness, shakiness, unsteadiness, volatility.
5. SACRILEGE (noun)=अपवित्रीकरण
Meaning : violation or misuse of what is regarded as sacred.
Synonyms : desecration, profanity, profaneness, blasphemy, impiety, impiousness, sin, irreverence, irreligiousness, godlessness, unholiness, disrespect.
Antonyms : consecration, purification, sanctification, reverence, veneration, adoration, glorification, worship.
6. STICK ONE’S NECK OUT (Phrase) : Risk incurring criticism or anger by acting or speaking boldly.
7. FRENZY (noun) =उन्माद
Meaning : a state or period of uncontrolled excitement or wild behavior.
Synonyms : hysteria, madness, mania, insanity, derangement, dementedness, delirium, feverishness, agitation, turmoil, tumult, euphoria, elation, ecstasy.
Antonyms : calm, calmness, peace, placidity, quiet, quietude, repose, restfulness, serenity, still, stillness, tranquility.
8. PAGAN (noun)=नास्तिक
Meaning : a person holding religious beliefs other than those of the main world religions.
Synonyms : heathen, infidel, idolater, atheist, non-theist, irreligious person, agnostic, sceptic, heretic, apostate.
Antonyms : religious, devout, monotheistic, believer, holy, divine.
9. TORMENT (verb)=यातना देना
Meaning : cause to experience severe mental or physical suffering.
Synonyms : torture, afflict, harrow, plague, distress, agonize, excruciate, crucify, rack, mortify, trouble, abuse, maltreat, mistreat, molest.
Antonyms : abet, aid, assist, relieve, reprieve, console, content, quiet, solace, soothe, succor.
10. HATE-MONGER (noun)घृणा-कराने वाला
Meaning : someone who tries to encourage people to hate other people or groups.
Synonyms : agitator, detractor, troublemaker, depreciator, bigot, demagogue, knocker.