Practice Quiz For IBPS, RBI Exam 2018 (English Reading Comprehension) SET-176
Submitted by admin on Thu, 11/23/2017 - 05:21
Practice Quiz For IBPS, RBI Exam 2018
(English Reading Comprehension)
Read the passage carefully and answer the following
Economist, ethicists and business experts persuade us that honesty is the best
policy, but their evidence is weak. We hoped to find data that would support
their theories and thus, perhaps, encourage higher standards of business
behaviour. To our surprise, their pet theories failed to stand up. Treachery, we
found, can pay. There is no compelling economic reason to tell the truth or keep
one’s word. Punishment for the treacherous in the real world is neither swift
Honesty is, in fact, primarily a moral choice. Business people do tell
themselves that, in the long run, they will do well by doing good. But there is
little factual or logical basis for this conviction. Without values, without a
basic preference of right over wrong, trust based on such delusion would crumble
in the face of temptation. Most of us choose virtue because we want to believe
in ourselves and because others respect and believe us.
And due to this, we should be happy. We can be proud of a
system in which people are honest because they want to be, not because they have
to be. Materially, too, trust based on morality provides great advantages. It
allows us to join in great and exciting enterprises that we could never
undertake if we relied on economic incentives alone.
Economists tell us that trust is enforced in the market place
through retaliation and reputation. If you violate a trust, your victim is apt
to seek revenge and others are likely to stop doing business with you, at least
under favourable terms. A man or woman with a reputation for fair dealing will
prosper. Therefore, profit maximisers are honest. This sounds plausible enough
until you look for concrete examples. Cases that apparently demonstrate the
awful consequences of trust turn out to be few and weak, while evidence that
treachery can pay seems compelling.
Q1. According to the passage, what do economists and ethicists, want us to
(a) Businessmen should always be honest
(b) Businessmen cannot always be honest
(c) Businessmen turn dishonest at times
(d) Businessmen are honest only at times
(e) Businessmen should always be dishonest
Q2. What did the author find out about the theory that ‘honesty is the best
(a) It is correct on many occasions
(b) It is correct for all businesses
(c) It is a useless theory
(d) It is a theory which seems to be correct only occasionally
(e) It is a baseless theory
Q3. Why are businessmen, according to the author, honest in their dealings?
(a) Businessmen are God-fearing
(b) Businessmen choose to be honest
(c) Businessmen are honest by nature
(d) All businessmen are caught if they are dishonest
(e) Businessmen are careless
Q4. According to the author, which of the following, is the reason for being
honest in business?
(a) It gives no immediate benefits
(b) It gives no long-term benefits
(c) It makes a person self-seeking
(d) It is harmful for competitors in long run
(e) None of the above
Q5. Why does the author say that one can be proud of the present situation?
(a) People are self-respecting
(b) People are respect seekers
(c) People are unselfish
(d) People are honest without compulsion
(e) People are sensitive towards market
Q6. What is the material advantage which the author sees is being honest?
(a) It permits one to undertake activities which may not be economically
(b) It permits one to be honest for the sake of honesty alone
(c) It permits one to be make a lot of profit in various areas
(d) It permits one to form various trusts to make profits
(e) It permits one to gain value in personal life
Q7. Why do businessmen, according to economists, remain honest?
(a) Dishonest businessmen can make more money
(b) Dishonest businessmen make money in the long run
(c) Dishonest businessmen cannot stay in business for long
(d) Dishonest businessmen are flogged in the market place
(e) Dishonest businessmen have the decisive power in the market
Q8. Which of the following phrases is most nearly the same in meaning as the
word ‘persuade’ as it has been used in the passage?
(a) Give an assurance
(b) Give an opinion
(c) Try to convince
Q9. Which of the following is false according to the passage?
(a) Economists believe that all businessmen are dishonest
(b) Generally people are honest so as to earn self-respect
(c) Virtuous behaviour earns the respect of others
(d) All dishonest men are not caught
(e) Honesty is good for business to prosper
Q10. Which of the following best describes what the author is trying to point
out through the last sentence of the passage, ‘Cases that…..compelling’?
(a) The consequences of business
(b) Theories seem ambiguous
(c) Economists predict incorrectly
(d) The contradictions is unreal
(e) The consequences of truth are good and pleasant in most cases and drawbacks
Which of the following is synonym/antonym of the given word from the passage?