Practice Quiz For IBPS, RBI Exam 2018 (English Reading Comprehension) SET-167
Submitted by admin on Mon, 11/20/2017 - 00:47
Practice Quiz For IBPS, RBI Exam 2018
(English Reading Comprehension)
Directions (1-4): Each passage is followed by question
based on its content. After reading passage, choose the best answer to each
question. Answer all questions following a passage on the basic of what is
stated or implied in that passage.
A Marxist sociologist has argued that racism stems from the class struggle that
is unique to the capitalist system – that racial prejudice is generated by
capitalists as a means of controlling workers. His thesis works relatively well
when applied to discrimination against Blacks in the United States, but his
definition of racial prejudice as “radically-based negative prejudgments against
a group generally accepted as a race in any given region of ethnic competition,”
can be interpreted as also including hostility towards such ethnic groups as the
Chinese in California and the Jews in medieval Europe. However, since prejudice
against these latter peoples was not inspired by capitalists, he has no reason
that such antagonisms were not really based on race. He disposes thusly (albeit
unconvincingly) of both the intolerance faced by Jews before the rise of
capitalism and the early twentieth-century discrimination against Oriental
people in California, which, inconveniently, was instigated by workers.
Q1. The passage supplies information that would answer which of the following
questions? (a) What accounts for the prejudice against the Jews in medieval Europe?
(b) What conditions caused in discrimination against Oriental people in
California in the early twentieth-century?
(c) Which groups are not in ethnic competition with each other in the United
(d) What explanation did the Marxist sociologist give for the existence of
(e) who could have supplied the information.
Q2. The author considers the Marxist sociologist’s thesis about the origins
of racial prejudice to be: (a) Unoriginal
Q3. In can be inferred from the passage that the Marxist sociologist would
argue that in a noncapitalist society racial prejudice would be: (a) Pervasive
Q4. According to the passage, the Marxist sociologist’s chain of reasoning
him to assert that prejudice toward Oriental people in California was (a) non-racial in character.
(b) similar in origin to prejudice against the Jews.
(c) understood by Oriental people as ethnic competition.
(d) provoked by workers.
(e) estimated by workers
Directions (5-10): Each passage is followed by question based on its content.
After reading passage, choose the best answer to each question. Answer all
questions following a passage on the basic of what is stated or implied in that
By 1950, the results of attempts relate brain processes to mental experience
appeared rather discouraging. Such variations in size, shape, chemistry,
conduction speed, excitation threshold, and the like as had been demonstrated in
nerve cells remained negligible in significance for any possible correlation
with the manifold dimensions of mental experience. Near the turn of the century,
it had been suggested by Hering that different modes of sensation, such as pain,
taste, and colour, might be correlated with the discharge of specific kinds of
nervous energy. However, subsequently developed methods of recording and
analyzing nerve potentials failed to reveal any such qualitative diversity. It
was possible to demonstrate by other methods refined structural differences
among neuron types; however, proof was lacking that the quality of the impulse
or its conduction was influenced by these differences, which seemed instead to
influence the developmental patterning of the neural circuits.
Although qualitative variance among nerve energies was never rigidly
disproved, the doctrine was generally abandoned in favour of the opposing view,
namely, that nerve impulses are essentially homogeneous in quality and are
transmitted as “common currency” throughout the nervous system. According to
this, it is not the quality of the sensory nerve impulses that determines the
diverse conscious sensations they produce, but rather the different areas of the
brain into which they discharge, and there is some evidence for this view. In
one experiment, when an electric stimulus was applied to a given sensory field
of the cerebral cortex of a conscious human subject, it produced a sensation of
the appropriate modality for that particular locus, that is, a visual sensation
from the auditory cortex, and so on. Other experiments revealed slight
variations in the size, number, arrangement, and interconnection of the nerve
cells, but as far as psycho neural correlations were concerned, the obvious
similarities of these sensory fields to each other seemed much more remarkable
than any of the minute differences.
However, cortical locus, in itself, turned out to have little explanatory value.
Studies showed that sensations as diverse as those of red, black, green, and
white, or touch, cold, warmth, movement, pain, posture, and pressure apparently
may arise through activation of the same cortical areas. What seemed to remain
was some kind of differential patterning effects in the brain excitation: it is
the difference in the central distribution of impulses that counts. In short,
brain theory suggested a correlation between mental experience and the activity
of relatively homogeneous nerve-cell units conducting essentially homogeneous
impulses through homogeneous cerebral tissue. To match the multiple dimensions
of mental experience, psychologists could only point to a limitless variation in
the spatio-temporal patterning of nerve impulses.
Q5. The author suggests that, by 1950, attempts to correlate mental
experience with brain processes would probably have been viewed with: (a) Indignation
Q6. The author mentions “common currency” primarily in order to emphasize the (a) lack of differentiation among nerve impulses in human beings.
(b) similarities of the sensations that all human beings experience.
(c) similarities in the views of scientists who have studied the human nervous
(d) continuous passage of nerve impulses through nervous system.
(e) Which groups are not in ethnic competition with each other in the United
Q7. The description of an experiment in which electric stimuli were applied
to different sensory field of the cerebral cortex tends to support the theory
that (a) the stimuli presence of different cortical areas cannot account for the
diversity of mental experience.
(b) variation in spatio-temporal patterning of nerve impulses correlates with
variation in subjective experience.
(c) nerve impulse are essentially homogeneous and are relatively unaffected as
they travel through the nervous system.
(d) the mental experiences produced by sensory nerve impulses are determined by
the cortical area activated.
(e) manner in which nerve impulse are conducted.
Q8. According to the passage, some evidences exist that the area of the
cortex activated by a sensory stimulus determines which of the following? I. The nature of the nerve impulse.
II. The modality of the sensory experience.
III. Qualitative differences within a modality.
(a) II only
(b) III only
(c) I and II only
(d) II and III only
(e) none of these.
Q9. The passage can most accurately be described as a discussion concerning
historical views of the (a) anatomy of the brain.
(b) physiological correlates of mental experience.
(c) manner in which nerve impulse are conducted.
(d) mechanics of sense perception.
(e) similar in origin to prejudice against the Jews.
Q10. Which of the following best summarizes the author’s opinion of the
suggestion that different areas of the brain determine perceptions produced by
sensory nerve impulses? (a) It is a plausible explanation, but it has not been completely proved.
(b) It is the best explanation of brain processes currently available.
(c) It is disproved by the fact that the various areas of the brain are
psychologically very similar.
(d) There is some evidence to support it, but it fails to explain the diversity
of mental experience.
(e) understood by Oriental people as ethnic competition.
Directions (11-15): Improve the bold part in each of the following sentences,
Q11. We have abundant natural resources and all the manpower we need. (a) those we need
(b) that needs
(c) we needed
(d) which is in our need
(e) No correction required
Q12. India is so poor that it can’t afford lose Mondays on account of
strikes. (a) can’t be affording lose
(b) could not afford for lose
(c) can’t afford to lose
(d) could afford to lost
(e) No correction required
Q13. The leader repeatedly mentioned that his mission was not by merely to
achieve freedom. (a) to more achieving
(b) merely to achieve
(c) for merely to achieve
(d) in order for achieving
(e) No correction required
Q14. The advocate declared in the court that his client has prepared to
surrender. (a) was prepared to
(b) has been preparing to
(c) was prepared at
(d) has prepared for
(e) No corrections required
Q15. The purchase made by him brought with him a number of prizes. (a) brings towards him
(b) brought him
(c) brought up to him
(d) brought with himself
(e) No correction required